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2016年6月大学英语四级考试真题:选词填空大揭秘

2016-6-20   信息来源:中国考研网/中国考研网【官方站】—,最权威的考研门户站!繁体版

  2016年6月大学英语四级考试已经结束,文都教育考后及时为大家收集试题并提供真题答案和解析,供参考。下面是四级考试选词填空:“关于体育锻炼”的试题及答案。

  真题原文

  Physical activity does the body good, and there’s growing evidence that it helps the brain too. Researchers in the Netherlands report that children who get more exercise, whether at school or on their own,  26 to have higher GPAs and better scores on standardized tests. In a  27  of 14 studies that looked at physical activity and academic 28 , investigators found that the more children moved, the better their grades were in school,  29  in the basic subjects of math, English and reading.

  The data will certainly fuel the ongoing debate over whether physical education classes should be cut as schools struggle to  30  on smaller budgets. The arguments against physical education have included concerns that gym time may be taking away from study time. With standardized test scores in the U.S.  31  in recent years, some administrators believe students need to spend more time in the classroom instead of on the playground. But as these findings show, exercise and academics may not be  32  exclusive. Physical activity can improve blood  33  to the brain, fueling memory, attention and creativity, which are  34  to learning. And exercise releases hormones that can improve  35  and relieve stress, which can also help learning. So while it may seem as if kids are just exercising their bodies when they’re running around, they may actually be exercising their brains as well.

  A)attendance    B)consequently   C)current      D)depressing

  E)dropping     F)essential    G)feasible      H)flow

  I)mood       J)mutually     K)particularly     L)performance

  M)review      N)survive     O) tend

  参考答案】

  26. (O)

  27. (M)

  28. (L)

  29. (K)

  30. (N)

  31. (E)

  32. (J)

  33. (H)

  34. (F)

  35. (I)

  参考译文

  体育锻炼对身体有好处,也有越来越多的证据表明:它对大脑也是有帮助的。荷兰的研究人员报告表明:无论是在学校还是靠自己,孩子们得到的锻炼越多,他们越能获得更高的文凭,并且在标准化考试中获得更好的成绩。在回顾14项关于身体活动与学业成绩的研究中,调查人员发现,孩子运动地越多,他们就会在学校获得越好的成绩,特别是在数学、英语和阅读等基础学科方面。

  这些数据肯定会加速这种争论的持续。这种争论是关于学校在努力做好较小预算的同时,是否应该削减体育课。反对体育教育的争论为:担心健身的时间可能剥夺学习的时间。近年来,美国标准化考试成绩不断下降,一些管理者认为学生需要花更多的时间在教室里,而不是在操场上。但这些研究结果却显示,运动和学习有可能不会相互排斥。体育锻炼可以改善血液流向大脑,刺激记忆、注意力和创造力,这些都是对于学习是必不可少的锻炼。并且锻炼释放的激素可以改善情绪,缓解压力,还可以帮助学习。因此,虽然当孩子们跑来跑去的时候,看起来他们好像只是锻炼了他们的身体,但是事实上,他们也可能锻炼了他们的大脑。

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中国考研网必上的考研门户网站

中国考研网必上的考研门户网站